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Questions 1, 2 and 3 are based on the following reading passage.

Music critics have consistently defined James P. Johnson as a
great early jazz pianist, originator of the 1920s Harlem “stride”
style, and an important blues and jazz composer. In addition,
however, Johnson was an innovator in classical music, composing
5 symphonic music that incorporated American, and especially 
African American, traditions.
Such a blend of musical elements was not entirely new: by
1924 both Milhaud and Gershwin had composed classical works
that incorporated elements of jazz. Johnson, a serious musician
10 more experienced than most classical composers with jazz, blues, 
spirituals, and popular music, was particularly suited to expand
Milhaud’s and Gershwin’s experiments. In 1927 he completed
his first large-scale work, the blues- and jazz-inspired Yamekraw,
which included borrowings from spirituals and Johnson’s own
15 popular songs. Yamekraw, premiered successfully in Carnegie 
Hall, was a major achievement for Johnson, becoming his most
frequently performed extended work. It demonstrated vividly the
possibility of assimilating contemporary popular music into the
symphonic tradition.

1. Select and indicate the best answer from among the five answer choices:
The passage states that Johnson composed all of the following EXCEPT
A) jazz works
B) popular songs
C) symphonic music
D) spirituals
E) blues pieces

2. Consider each of the three choices separately and select all that apply. The author suggests which of the following about most classical composers of the early 1920s?
A) They were strongly influenced by the musical experiments of Milhaud and Gershwin.
B) They had little working familiarity with such forms of American music as jazz, blues, and popular songs.
C) They made few attempts to introduce innovations into the classical symphonic tradition.

3. Select and indicate the best answer from among the five answer choices:
The author suggests that most critics have
A) underrated the popularity of Yamekraw
B) undervalued Johnson’s musical abilities
C) had little interest in Johnson’s influence on jazz
D) had little regard for classical works that incorporate popular music
E) neglected Johnson’s contribution to classical symphonic music

Answer: D

Explanation:
The first paragraph states that Johnson composed jazz, blues and symphonic music. “Johnson’s own popular songs” as stated in the 14th and 15th lines infer that Johnson did compose popular songs. Hence, only “spirituals” are left out. So, Option D is correct. 

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Answer: B

Explanation:
The passage says that, in 1920s, James P. Johnson as a great early jazz pianist, an important blues and jazz composer, an innovator in classical music, composing symphonic music that incorporated American, and especially African American traditions. It also says that this blend of musical elements was not entirely new. Milhaud and Gershwin had composed classical works that incorporated elements of jazz. That infers or suggests that most classical composers had no working familiarity with forms of American music as jazz, blues, and popular songs. Hence, Option B is correct.

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Answer: E

Explanation:
The first paragraph says that music critics have consistently defined James P. Johnson as a great early jazz pianist, originator of the 1920s Harlem “stride” style, and an important blues and jazz composer. The author says that Johnson, however, was also an innovator in classical music, composing symphonic music that incorporated American, and especially African American, traditions. This suggests that the author feels that music critics have failed to acknowledge Johnson’s contribution to classical symphonic music. Hence, Option E is correct.